Xoloitzcuintli

Xoloitzcuintli
Vital Statistics:
Place of Origin: Mexico
Group: Sighthound, Toy
Height: Toy 10-14 in., mini 14.1-18 in., standard 18.1-23 in.
Weight: 10-55 lbs.
Life span: 15-19 yrs.
Trainability: moderate
Good with children: yes with early socialization
Good with other pets: yes when raised together, caution with small pets

What is the origin of the Xoloitzcuintli?

The Xoloitzcuintli (prounced show-low-eats-queent-lee) is named for the Aztec god Xolotl and the Aztec word for dog – tzcuintli. It is better known as the Mexican Hairless Dog. They were revered by Mexico’s ancient civilizations as guard dogs, healers and guides to the afterlife. In difficult times, they became food. In Aztec mythology this dog was thought to be created from a piece of bone known as the Bone of Life by the Aztec god Xolotl. The dog was believed to guide the dead through the underworld protecting the soul until it reached Heaven’s Evening Star. Today, people believe the Xolo has mystical healing powers to cure insomnia, toothaches, rheumatism and more.

What does the Xoloitzcuintli look like?

There are 3 sizes of Xolos, toy, 10-14 inches tall, miniature, 14-18 inches tall and standard, 18-23 inches tall. Weight is 10-55 lbs. depending on size. The head is broad with a long muzzle ending in a black or flesh-colored nose. Ears are large and erect. Eyes are almond-shaped, colors verying from black to yellow. The long tail has short hairs at the tip. They are hairless, but some have short, coarse hair on the head and legs or a short smooth coat. Colors are balck, dark gray, slate, red, liver or bronze. The coated variety should be brushed several times a week.

What is the temperament of the Xoloitzcuintli?

Xolos are very sensitive to its human’s moods and needs. They are highly intelligent and learn quickly. They are reserved with strangers. If socialized early, they will be good with children who treat them kindly. With their high prey drive Xolos are a danger to small pets. In cold weather, they need warm clothing. Xolos are jumpers and diggers and can learn to open gates, so a secure area is essential.

What is the Xoloitzcuintli used for?

Because their bodies are so warm , they have been used to ease people’s aches and pains. Xolos are good watchdogs and loyal family companions.

Possible Health Issues

May be missing teeth, skin problems




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