The Pug is a small breed of dog with a wrinkly, short muzzled face, and curled tail. Pug puppies are often called puglets. The breed has a fine, glossy coat that come in a variety of colors, and a compact square body with well-developed muscle. They have been described as multum in parvo (“much in little”), referring to the Pug’s personality and small size. Known in Ancient China as “Lo-Sze”, they may have been responsible for both the modern Pekingese and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.
They have Chinese origins, but were popularized in Western Europe by the House of Orange of the Netherlands and the House of Stuart of England, Ireland and Scotland. They can suffer from a variety of health issues, including overheating, obesity, pharyngeal reflex and two fatal conditions which are granulomatous meningoencephalitis and hemivertebrae. In addition, care must be taken by their owner to clean the folds of skin on their face.