What illnesses are preventable in cats?

Cat taking care of a cat with FIP

The following is a list of some illnesses that are preventable in cats. If you begin vaccinations at an early age you are giving your cat every opportunity to live a healthy, happy, long life. There is controversy over yearly boosters, whether to give or not to give them. Personally I think it’s advisable at least for the first couple of years of your cat’s life, but discuss this with your vet. Even if your cat lives indoors, vaccinations are necessary, as many diseases are airborn.

FPL (panleukopenia) – This is highly contagious, affecting the nervous system.

FVR (viral rhinotracheitis) – A respiratory infection often fatal in kittens.

FCV (calicivirus) – This respiratory infection may not be fatal, but compromises the immune system.

FPN (Chlamydia, Pneumonitis) – A respiratory infection that can recur. It is usually not fatal, but can lower cat’s resistance to other illnesses.

FeLV (feline leukemia virus) – A viral disease, highly contagious, decreasing the immune system’s ability to fight infection.

FIP (feline infectious peritonitis) – A serious illness that is always fatal in cats. While there is a vaccine available, it is not always effective.

FIV (feline immunodeficiency virus) – There is a vaccine, but it has yet to be proven always effective.

Kittens usually begin their first vaccinations at 6-8 weeks old. Adults have boosters with their yearly checkups. It’s a good idea for your cat to have a fecal analysis along with its regular checkup. Internal parasites can be difficult to diagnose without a microscopic exam of the feces by a vet. Over the counter remedies are not always reliable or safe.

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