Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russell Terrier
Vital Statistics:
Place of Origin: England
Group: Terrier
Height: 10-15 in.
Weight: 14-18 lbs.
Life span: 12-14 yrs.
Trainability: high
Good with children: yes with gentle children
Good with other pets: may chase small animals

What is the origin of the Jack Russell Terrier?

In the 19th century, the Reverend John Russell , a British clergyman, wanted terriers possessing speed and tenacity for hunting foxes, being able to hunt under the ground. He proceeded to breed them mainly from the Wire-haired Fox Terrier and produced the Jack Russell Terrier. In the United States, this terrier is known as the Russell Terrier, dropping the Jack.

What does the Jack Russell Terrier look like?

The Jack Russell has a strong, straight body. Height is 10-15 inches, weight about 14 -18 lbs. The nose and lips are black. Ears are small, v-shaped and fall forward, close to the head. Chest is oval-shaped. Eyes are almond-shaped and dark brown. The tail is set high and docked to about 5 inches. There are two varieties of coat, short and smooth or longer and woolly. Color is white with black, tan or black and tan markings. The coat needs brushing regularly.

What is the temperament of the Jack Russell Terrier?

The Jack Russell is a lively, active, highly intelligent little dog. This dog requires lots of exercise and an owner willing to devote the time to meeting its needs. If they don’t have enough mental and physical stimulation, Jack Russells will get into mischief. The Jack Russell needs early and constant socialization to avoid aggressiveness with people or other dogs. Children should be taught to be gentle with this dog. Because they are hunters, they may see small animals and other pets as prey. The Jack Russell is happier with lots of space due to their high energy and need for lots of activity.

What are the uses of the Jack Russell Terrier?

The Jack Russell was bred to hunt fox and vermin, digging into their dens and flushing them out. Their willingness to learn and because they are easily trained, Jack Russells excel in agility and obedience trials, flyball and Frisbee and they can be taught tricks. They are very affectionate with their family.

Possible Health Issues

Glaucoma, progressive retinal atrophy, cataracts, congenital deafness, patellar luxation.


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