Border Terrier

Border Terrier
Vital Statistics:
Place of Origin: England, Scotland
Group: Terrier
Height: males 13-16 in., females 11-14 in.
Weight: males 13-16 lbs., females 11-14 lbs.
Life span: 15 yrs. up
Trainability: high
Good with children: yes
Good with other pets: may chase small animals
  • What is the origin of the Border Terrier?

The Border Terrier was bred by farmers near the border between England and Scotland. A hardy dog, the Border Terrier can cover long distances over rocky, steep terrain in all weather in its relentless chase after foxes and rodents. The breed was introduced in America in the 20th century and recognized by the AKC in 1930.

  • What does the Border Terrier look like?

This small terrier is 11-16 inches high and weighs 11-16 lbs. depending on gender. It has an otter-like head with a short, strong muzzle. Eyes are dark hazel. Ears are small and v-shaped, dropping forward. The tail is short and tapering. Nose is black. The wiry coat is thick and dense with a thick undercoat. The coat is loose to facilitate burrowing underground. Colors are red, wheat, pepper and salt, and reddish-blue. Grooming needs are weekly brushing with trims twice a year. Since there is little or no shedding, this is a good breed for people with allergies.

  • What is the temperament of the Border Terrier?

The Border Terrier is a lively, active and entertaining dog. They don’t bark much, but will let you know when someone is coming. They are very affectionate and like to cuddle. The Border Terrier is excellent with children. Borders are fearless and will fight other dogs if the mood strikes them. They are hunters and might see small pets as prey. They are very intelligent and will learn quickly in order to please you. Borders love being around people and don’t like being left alone too long. These energetic little dogs need long daily walks. Since the Border Terrier likes to dig, a secure backyard fence is a must with particular attention to the bottom of the fence to ensure it can’t get out.

  • What is the Border Terrier used for?

It was originally used to hunt foxes, martens and other small mammals, in particular, vermin. Today, the Border Terrier excels in rally ( a course where each station has a sign with instructions as to next skill to be performed), earthdog (artificial hunting in which the dog goes underground to find caged rats), agility and obedience trials and as a therapy dog. The Border Terrier is loyal and loving family companion.

Possible Health Issues

Hip dysplasia, heart defects, progressive retinal atrophy, juvenile cataracts, seizures, allergies, undescended testicles, sensitivity to anesthesia.


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